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St James Park & Buckingham House - Framed Print - 12"H x 16"W


St James Park & Buckingham House - Framed Print - 12"H x 16"W

NB. The Original was published in 1763

St James's Park is a 57-acre park in the City of Westminster. The park lies at the southernmost tip of the St James's area, which was named after a leper hospital dedicated to St James the Less.

In 1532, Henry VIII bought an area of marshland to the west of York Place acquired by Henry from Cardinal Wolsey; it was purchased in order to turn York Palace, subsequently renamed Whitehall, into a dwelling fit for a king. On James I's accession, he ordered that the park be drained and landscaped, and exotic animals were kept in the park, including camels, crocodiles, an elephant and exotic birds were kept in aviaries.

While Charles II was in exile in France under the Commonwealth of England, he was impressed by the elaborate gardens at French royal palaces, and on his ascension he had the park redesigned in a more formal style. The park became notorious at the time as a meeting place for impromptu acts of lechery, as described by John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester in his poem "A Ramble in St James's Park".


Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom. The name "Buckingham-palace" dates from at least 1791

Originally known as Buckingham House, as the house which forms the architectural core of the palace was built for the first Duke of Buckingham and Normanby in 1703 to the design of William Winde. Buckingham House was eventually sold by Buckingham's descendant, Sir Charles Sheffield, in 1761 to George III for £21,000.

Under the new crown ownership, the building was originally intended as a private residence for King George III's wife, Queen Charlotte, and was accordingly known as The Queen's House.

King George IV, in 1826, the King decided to modify the house into a palace with the help of his architect John Nash

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